Militarization of the Police–A Cop’s View

Militarization of the Police copyI get a little miffed at the argument that the police are becoming “too militarized.”  Detractors say that law enforcement has no need for the equipment that the U.S. Government has been distributing from its arsenal of aged or obsolete equipment.  This controversial military equipment comes mainly in two flavors:  weaponry or protection.

As to weaponry, we are talking rifles.  My agency just took possession of two dozen older Colt M-16s from the Department of Defense at a very low price per unit.  Before the naysayers get in an uproar, understand that we already have more authorized fully automatic rifles for our SWAT team.  Our street officers also field semi-automatic civilian model AR-15’s.

This is representative of most police departments and sheriff’s offices around the nation.  Rifles have been recognized as a more appropriate weapon for modern police officers than the traditional shotgun to counter today’s violent offenders.

Back in February of this year, I published the results of an FBI study into Active Shooter Events from 2000-2012.  The recommendation by the FBI was that, “Officers ought to have firepower at least equivalent to what they will face if they go in harm’s way.”  The study urged that today’s police officers should have access to patrol rifles and protective armor.

The American Civil Liberties Union says the DoD lets police agencies have “grenade launchers.”  Actually, they are old M79 40mm launchers that the cops can only use for less lethal gas and distraction munitions.  Police cannot even acquire deadly anti-personnel rounds for them.  “Grenade launcher” is intentionally used for its inflammatory connotations.

The Department of Defense, under the National Defense Authorization Act of 1997, 1033 Program, is not giving police departments hand grenades, anti-tank rockets, crew-served heavy machine guns, or phased plasma rifles in the 40 watt range.  They are handing out only the rifles and launchers that local law enforcement already have in their inventories–and have had since the 1970’s.

Oh, yeah, some misinformed pundit opined the police are not trained to use said equipment.  Well, that was written in ignorance of the many hours of mandatory training required before a deputy or officer is allowed to carry a rifle or gas launcher on the street.  Let us also not lose sight of the fact that citizen leaders must authorize the purchase of the equipment in the first place.  They can be a bit liability conscious.  (Sarcasm intended.)

Florida MRAPAs to Government-issued protective equipment, the incensed critics point to MRAPs.  The mine-resistant, ambush-protected vehicles are used by law enforcement for the safety of citizens and officers.  Police departments are purchasing surplus MRAPs for about $2,000.  With civilian contract armored vehicles starting in the $150,000 neighborhood, you can see why there is a waiting list for the MRAPs.

Again, the Government is only “giving away” armored protection that local law enforcement agencies have already used for decades.  Sure, the MRAPs and smaller Peacekeepers are not ideal for police use, but as the informal motto of my SWAT team goes, “It’s Better than Nothing.”

Folks, law enforcement could go back to revolvers and shotguns if the criminals and mentally unstable were themselves “demilitarized.”  The police must face a growing number of individuals on the street armed with military-style weapons and explosives, whether they be active shooters, drug dealers, gang members, or terrorists (think Boston).  Officers deaths by firearms thus far in 2014 are up by 61% over last year.  It is no wonder we are looking for protection.

Of course, I do not condone the misuses of our weapons, tactics, or training.  I also do not think that every cop shop in every jurisdiction needs all the equipment the Government has made available.  The procurement of any civilian LE gear is made with the approval of elected and appointed civilian officials, who determine a community’s needs.  In fact, earlier this year the U.S. Congress voted down an amendment to repeal the DoD distribution of equipment to law enforcement (NDAA of 1997) by an overwhelming vote of 355 nay, 62 yay.

I read where ACLU member Kara Dansky said that, “If you have a hammer, everything looks like a nail,” she said.  “When the police have these weapons, they’re more likely to use them.”  The very same could be said for the criminals.  To use another overly simplistic saying, my view is that the police are only trying to use “the right tool for the right job.”

Randall

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8 Responses to Militarization of the Police–A Cop’s View

  1. Kenneth H says:

    Great write up.
    What really grinds my gears is that all the people complaining about the equipment we have can purchase it for themselves.

    The only thing I can think of that a citizen cannot purchase is the LRAD system. Even then I am not quite sure.

    As for training and tactics any citizen can take courses offered by the plethora of schools like Magpul Dynamics, Tactical Response, EAG Tactical etc and receive training light years beyond what the average patrol officer receives.

  2. Mike says:

    Every cop has the right to go home safely at the end of his or her shift. If this means wearing body armor and carrying a long arm, so be it. Lawmen in the Old West carried long arms, I don’t see any reason why officers shouldn’t have that option in 2014. Some situations clearly call for different equipment for the safety of officers, offenders, and the public.

    In my (civilian, pro-police) opinion there is a legitimate concern that a few departments use inappropriate tactics in certain situations. From what I can see, this can be addressed at the local level.

    • Randall says:

      Mike,

      I would agree that law enforcement fields the equipment necessary for the times. Western lawmen carried essentially the same “cutting edge” firearms as the US Cavalry of the day…

      As to your last concern, I share it. Inappropriate, ill-advised, or illegal police actions have no place in our communities.

      Randall

  3. Aaron E says:

    Great article Randy, on a topic that needs much more illumination from the side of police!

    Police officers must have the means to stop the advanced threats that many communities are facing. Saying that a small town, or rural county, doesn’t need patrol rifles, heavy ballistic vests, shields, etc., goes against the fact that some of the most high profile active shooters and hostage situations have involved just these types of places (Amish school in rural Pennsylvania, Platte County, CO High School hostage situation, and Jonesboro, AK school shooting come to mind).

    However, you and a reader make another very valid point as well. If the agency takes on this responsibility, then they also take on the responsibility to properly train their officers for when those items are appropriate and when they are not, and how to use those items proficiently. Every small town doesn’t need an armored vehicle, but there needs to be one within a reasonable response time.

    • Randall says:

      Hey Aaron!

      We absolutely have the responsibility to use such equipment properly and with discretion.

      I think the ten nights of lawlessness in Ferguson only brings home the need for this type of equipment in reserve. Gunfire, Molotov cocktails, rocks and bottles, and criminal intent are only a small example of the dangers out there for citizens and cops.

      Randall

  4. Tony says:

    Well said!

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